The novel Animal Farm is an allegory for the Russian Revolution. This means that the characters and events symbolize actual people and events in history.
Animal Farm, written in 1944-45 is a brilliant story that follows a farm animal uprising against Mr. Jones, their hard human master. The revolt is successful and, as the animals form a liberated socialist society governed by Seven Commandments of Animalism (distilled in the line "Four legs good, two legs bad"), they ultimately fall under the tyrannical control of one of their own, a pig by the name of Napoleon who uses fear, force and disinformation to take control and become the next Mr. Jones.
The Russian Revolution